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## 16S. Using Quadratic Residues

C2 The positive integers $a$ and $b$ are such that the numbers $15a+16b$ and $16a-15b$ are both squares of positive integers. What is the least possible value that can be taken on by the smaller of these two squares?

Here is the official solution file: pen16.pdf

You can discuss the problem in MathLinks here.

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